List of Clusters
List of Meanings
KVN Catalog Spreadsheet
How to Find Ancient Speech Patterns
Search Linguist Mag
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Try different formats until you get one that opens in your version of Excel. If you know you have Excel on your computer, but none of these links will open for you, try first opening your Excel, then click on these downloads.
of the KVN Catalogue (1.3 MB)
Excel 5, 1995
Excel 97, 2000
MS Works (1.1 MB)
First open your MS Works, then click on the link below. It should open right away. If not, save the file on your computer, then go into your MS Works program and open the file from there.
Click here for the MS Works file
DOS format ~ Spreadsheet divided into three parts
To use these three DOS-based files, first save each of the three files to disk, then open them in a DOS-based spreadsheet program that supports .CAL files, such as SuperCalc3 or SuperCalc4.
First part in DOS format (321 kb).
Second part in DOS format (371 kb).
Third part in DOS format (361 kb).
Each Cluster has been printed in PDF format. Since this is not a spreadsheet, you won't be able to sort the entries yourself. Each Cluster is a separate file. Each Cluster is divided further into Sub-Clusters, and each of those is divided into Meanings. Each Meaning is composed of several words from different languages, arranged alphabetically. The Language Key can be found here.
The 6,942 words and complete definitions (with a few duplications) that comprise this catalogue, were collected over the space of three years, by reading the dictionaries of 42 languages from the world's main language groups, for words beginning with the sound of /K-vowel-N/, and writing the verbatim definitions down by hand. Before I started collecting definitions, I was just reading dictionaries for this speech sound. After a few days, I saw repeating meanings that did not seem to be a coincidence, and which did not occur with different speech sounds. I jotted down some of these meanings. What began with a one-page list eventually got put into a ring-binder that came to hold over 100 separate concepts (which I call "Meanings") containing nearly 7,000 different words. Eventually, no more discrete Meanings were found; I felt the search had reached a preliminary stage of completion. Finally, all were entered into an early spreadsheet program (Supercalc4, a nifty, touch-typeable DOS-based program). Working intensely for 6 weeks, a final sorting led to the rudimentary form that this collection now takes. (For more on the process of collection, see the Instructions page.)
This collection of words and definitions is now available, free of charge, to the inquisitive public, in hopes that someone will, in my lifetime, manipulate the words and categories, explore the findings, try to duplicate it to some degree, and begin to see the pattern for themselves. I have dabbled in the two other primary consonantal syllables, P/B-Vowel-N, and T/D-Vowel-N, and they show unique meaning patterns distinct from K-Vowel-N. I await the day that I can collect words and definitions for those speech sounds. Meanwhile, the field is open; anyone can do either of those two morphemic units and see, for the first time, unseen by other known human eyes on this planet, the complete pattern of meanings that funnels back to the origins of those consonants.
The Catalogue is available for download in three file types: .xls for Excel, which works best in Windows 95, 98 and later versions; .wks for Microsoft Works, for Windows 3.0 and the like, and .cal for DOS-based spreadsheet programs like SuperCalc3 and SuperCalc4. As of now, a discrepancy in the total number of entries occurs among the different file types, probably due to the limited size-capacity of the SuperCalc4. Please accept my apologies. I have repeatedly copied the files into the different formats, run down the list of words as far as time will allow, and have not yet found where the error lies. Please be patient --- I will find it and all will have the same number of words, I promise!
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Array: The pattern of meanings, displayed in organized form, derived by studying completely the occurrence of words beginning with one root sound
Meaning (group): In this form of study, a single concept, shared by many language groups, deriving from a common experience, and comprising a minumum of 3 separate dictionary entries from as many languages of words beginning with the same root sound, in this case, the sound of K+vowel+N (but in reality many more dictionary entries invariably comprise a Meaning)
Cluster: In this study, a Cluster is a "noble" and non-etymologically linked group of Meanings that derives from an individual attribute of the original experience that gave rise to the whole Array
Speech: Homo sapiens' verbal communication, using the invariably-ordered short sequences of mouth sounds that we call "words" in full grammatical context, capable of instantly relaying immediately decipherable commands to skillfully employ technological devices
Language: Verbal and other forms of communication that may have been used by the whole line of hominid ancestors, possibly extending to other species as well; functions as expression that modifies behavior, but not necessarily immediately, and not necessarily using technological objects or skills
Phoneme: a small unit of speech; one distinct speech sound
Morpheme: the smallest unit of speech that carries meaning
Ramapithecus: Ancestors of Australopithecus; transitional hominid developing during the drying of the earth's great jungles, dating from roughly 14 million years ago
Australopithecus: Tool-making ancestors of man, dating from about 3 million years ago
Homo habilis: Transitional between Australopithecus and Homo erectus; from Olduvai Bed 1
Homo erectus: Larger than Australopithecus, directly ancestral to Modern Man; dating from about 1 million years ago; developed firemaking half a million years ago, at which time he also acquired heightened tongue capability ours (evidenced by the size of the hole that the nerve to the tongue makes in the skull)
Homo sapiens: Modern man, emerging inexplicably all of a sudden the world over starting roughly 100,000 years ago; identical to us, with same language capability, vocal column, chin, and brain size and organization
Neanderthalers: diverged from and co-existed with Modern Man; became more and more "Neanderthal-like" as time went on; had extremely dense bones, heavy eyebrow ridge, large perfectly circular eye sockets, enlarged visual part of the brain, and no "chin"; doubtful that he had identical language capability to ours; very uniform type lived near polar ice caps; varied types lived farther south; died out roughly 30,000 years ago
Evolution: the slow change in living forms over time, due to changing environmental conditions
Environmental niche: a given set of circumstances in the environment that a life-form uses to make a living in; e.g., sandy desert, under bushes, at night, with oil-bearing seeds plentiful; given the same identical environmental niche, species tend to evolve similarly
Convergent evolution: when two or more species evolve into similar-functioning and appearing forms, due to occupying the same environmental niche
Divergent evolution: when a species begins to evolve into several different forms as it spreads out into new environmental niches
Parallel evolution: when similar species continue to exist side by side without much change, neither one exterminating the other
Mother Tongue: the one language shared by Homo sapiens, ancestral to all modern languages; thought to have formed roughly 100,000 years ago (i.e., concurrently with the emergence of Homo sapiens)
Sound-Meaning Correspondence: the idea that the referent of a word stays attached to the unique sounds of that word over considerable time; currently believed not to last longer than 20,000 years, based on statistical studies
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