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There are many little quirks about the Internet that take quite awhile to discover. These tips are for people with PC's, though some of them work on Macs as well.
If you want to keep a website up and running and also open another website at the same time (and another, and another, and another), do this: Instead of just clicking on a new link, RIGHT CLICK on it. You will see a choice called "Open Link in New Window" or somesuch. Choose that one. You will get a new website, but the old one will also stay up as well. You can even do this indefinitely (as long as your memory can hold out!). You can go to any one of them by clicking on its name on the bar at the bottom of your screen.
To get several screens open at the same time,press Ctrl key plus the N key together at the same time ~~ takes practice to do this, but you'll get the feel of it.
To copy and save a picture, right click on it, choose "Save Picture As," then give it a title and choose a folder to put it in, and click "Save."
To shrink or enlarge screens,use the three little boxes in the upper right corner of each screen (that is, on PC's -- on Macs, they're in the upper LEFT corner). The dash will shrink the screen completely off your computer (but it is still active, just not visible). To find it again, go to the bottom of your screen and click on the name of the screen there; it will blow up to full size again. The two little boxes superimposed on each other are for shrinking a screen to less than full size. Once you do this, you can change the size and shape of the screen by pulling its edges in and out with your arrow. The full-size box is for enlarging a partially-shrunk screen back to full size.
To save a link to a favorite website,you go to that website, then go up to the top and choose Favorites or Bookmark. You can rename the website at this time, or later, if you want to. I start many of my bookmarked website names with a general term, then a space and a dash, then the website name. E.g., "music - Keith's guitar site". This way, all the music sites you've bookmarked will be together when you go to find them again.
To put your long list of Favorites into alphabetical order,open your Favorites, right-click on a blank part of the list, and choose "Sort by Name," or "Sort Alphabetically."
To go to a website that you know the address of, first you "open your browser" (this happens whenever you get onto the Internet --- your browser is what takes you to new websites). Do this by getting into a website you have linked on your main screen ("desktop") or by going to Start, then Programs, then Internet Explorer or Netscape or whatever other browser you have. Then, to go to the new address ("URL") you go up to the Address line (white bar near the top), highlight the address that's there and press Delete to erase that one, then type in the new address and hit return, or press Go next to the address. It must be letter perfect, of course, or you'll get nothing.
To search for a website you don't know the address of, you have to use a search engine. Dogpile.com, gives you the results of several different search engines all at once. The greatest one is of course Google.com, which catalogues way more websites than any other search engine. Their "Advanced" search lets you get 100 results at a time. Their goal is to catalogue every website on the planet. Different search engines give you different selections, so try several. Some good ones are Altavista, Alltheweb, and many more.
To find a website if you get a "Page Cannot be Displayed" message, try to find that website in Google, and when you do, don't click on the regular link. Instead, click on the word "Cached" which follows the website's description. This is the version of that website that Google has saved. Even after the author removes a website from the web, Google will probably have it cached for years to come.
To know what's clickable in a website, either it's in colored letters and has a line under it, or when you pass your cursor arrow over it, and the arrow turns into a little hand, it's clickable. Many pictures are clickable. Many parts of webpages are clickable. When you see the little hand, it's clickable.
To go back to websites you were at previously use the back button in the upper left corner, or use the little arrow beside the back button to see a list of sites you've just been at, and click one of those.
To go to a different folder in your computer,go up to the white Address bar, and click on the little arrow in the little box at the very right end of that bar. This shows you the outline of your computer. To go to anything on your hard drive, click on C: and choose the next level down that you want, and on down from there. Or, you can go to Windows Explorer in the Start Bar, and choose your folders and files there.
To change the name of a file,go to Windows Explorer (go to Start to find it), find the file name, click on it to highlight it, right click on it, choose Rename, and type in the new name (then hit Enter).
To make a new folder,go to the place you want the folder to be in (see "go to a different folder" above) (maybe in C: drive or in a folder in C: drive), then go up a choose File then New, then New Folder. You'll name the folder, and it will be under the file you were in when you created it.
Trouble with things getting tangled up? Let one thing finish downloading before opening another. The little hour glass means let time go by, that something is working, and you should wait til it's finished before clicking again.
To delete a large section of a document, starting at a chosen point and continuing to the end of the document, put your cursor at the point you want the deletion to begin, then press 3 keys together: Ctrl plus Shift plus End. This highlights the whole document from your cursor to the end of the document. When you're sure you've highlighted the right part, press the Delete key. Wala!
Same for going to the beginning of a document, but use Home instead of End. This is handy for eliminating long parts of emails when responding to sender. It is very handy, also, for deleting strange inclusions that don't seem to let you delete them, such a images, tables, unusual formatting, etc.
To select a group of consecutive records (such as emails), click on the first record you want to select (this highlights it); press and hold the Shift key, then click on the last record in the list that you want to select. All records in between will be highlighted. You can then copy, delete, or do other things to this group of records.
To select several non-consecutive records, click the first record, then press and hold Ctrl while you click each non-consecutive record you want to select. Each will be highlighted. Then, copy, delete, or whatever action you want to do to the highlighted records.
To get an email address when only their name shows, right click on the name, choose Properties, choose Details, and see near the bottom of the mishmash what their email address is.
To copy a picture from the Internet into your files, first make a folder to hold images. I call mine "Images". Then put all your saved images in it, so you'll know where to get them. To copy an image, simply right click on the image, and choose "Save Picture As". Select your Image folder. This works with moving images, also.
The "Copy This Website" section will have instructions on how to copy websites. (Note: Copying for your own enjoyment is quite different from copying to mass distribute something. Reasonable people think it is fine, commendable, to make one's own private copy of something that has been published. New versions of Microsoft Windows even have a built-in feature for copying websites. Lions Grip encourages people to copy and distribute the entire website or any part of it, for this knowledge is here to be shared. We are curious as to why people put things on the Internet, if they don't want them to be spread far and wide!)
To learn how to write websites, take the great online tutorial from Maricopa, California. Download the Tutorial free from http://www.mcli.dist.maricopa.edu/tut/. Another way is to get the book titled HTML 3.2 Manual of Style by Aronson and Lowery. Very simple and thorough. You'll have made your first web page within half an hour. By writing your own web pages, you can adjust the keywords and other features to enhance your website's chance of getting found by search engines.
To make icons on your desktop (to link to websites or other things quickly), one way to do it is to "Bookmark" the website (re-write the name to a short version), then go to your list of Favorites, shrink it to a smaller screen, and click and hold the name you just made and drag it over to your desktop screen. It will make itself into an icon.
To rename a file or icon, right click on the file or icon, choose Rename, and write in the new name.
To visit a page of clickable Internet Terms, from Whatis.com, CLICK HERE
Browser: your gateway to the Internet, such as Internet Express; The Web browser, residing in your computer, is a client program that requests HTML files from Web servers.
Email: Electronic messages that can be sent to a specific email address much like phone calls can be sent to specific telephone numbers. ISP's are the companies that maintain programs that allow people to send and receive email. One can get a paid email account through an ISP that charges a monthly fee (such as Earthlink or Aol), or a free email account through sites such as Yahoo and Hotmail.
Email account: An agreement you get for free or for a fee from an ISP, which allows you to have one or more email addresses and use them for sending and receiving email.
Email address: A coded identifyer used for receiving email messages on the Internet, much like phone calls are received at a phone number. Email addresses are of two parts, separated by the "@" sign, such as email@example.com. Usually an email address is associated with a specific computer, but this does not need to be the case. One can often receive email through "Webmail" on the Internet, provided by the ISP that you have your email account with.
Email program: A software program, residing on your computer, that arranges and displays your email for you in convenient and attractive ways. Outlook Express, made by Microsoft, is perhaps the widest used email program.
Icon: A little cartoon picture less than an inch wide that occurs many places in your computer's display; icons are almost always clickable, i.e., they take you to another screen
ISP: Internet Service Provider ~ a company that provides customers with access to the Internet, usually along with email programs and other functions
Search Engine: A program that looks over the Internet to find webpages containing words that you are looking for; Google.com is currently the most famous and most comprehensive search engine.
Server: (1) A program that gives (serves) webpages to Internet users; and/or (2) a computer that has a program or programs on it that give (serve) webpages to Internet users. A regular computer can be a server, if it has a server program on it. Servers connecting to servers are what form the Internet.
Web Hosting: A service that you pay for that lets you put up your own web pages onto the Internet; ISP's offer WebHosting services.
Website: Usually many web pages linked together to form an online presentation, often with pictures, sound, and different colors of screen and print; you can write your own website using HTML code, or you can make a website using several online freeware programs; if you make your website using online programs, you usually cannot adjust the keywords and other aspects of it that help you to get found by search engines.
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